## Why Viscosity is absent in Orifice equation

Has this question troubled you that viscosity is not included in Orifice equation.

Imagine Honey flowing through pipe and on the contrary water flowing through the Pipe will they have the same pressure drop. You have guessed it right the pressure drop won’t be the same.

So why is viscosity not in equation? This question puzzled Tony Rudolph for 15 years, Until he had a Eureka moment.

Imagine Honey flowing through pipe and on the contrary water flowing through the Pipe will they have the same pressure drop. You have guessed it right the pressure drop won’t be the same.

So why is viscosity not in equation? This question puzzled Tony Rudolph for 15 years, Until he had a Eureka moment.

**Demystifying Reynolds Number**

We owe Sir Osborne Reynolds for this discovery.

To understand this lets take a simple example.

Imagine we pour honey and water on a slide.

Who will reach first

To understand this lets take a simple example.

Imagine we pour honey and water on a slide.

Who will reach first

Water will reach down first as compared to honey.

Why?

The answer in simple words is water has a lesser tendency to stick along its surface as compared to Honey.

This phenomenon is capture in Reynolds number.

Why?

The answer in simple words is water has a lesser tendency to stick along its surface as compared to Honey.

This phenomenon is capture in Reynolds number.

The “Numerator” consists of 3 variables that could be termed together as Inertial force.

V=Velocity D=Diameter p=density

While, The “Denominator” consists of one term and that is absolute viscosity.

Hence in conclusion the Reynolds number is ratio of “Inertial forces” to “Viscous force”.

So higher the Reynolds number the more “Inertial forces” dominate.

And for orifice meter one of the requirement is high Reynolds number.

Thus as “Viscous forces” at very high Reynolds are negligible we don’t consider them in the equation.

Thanks for reading.

Hope it’s been of valve to you.

Credits: I stumbled upon this insightful concept in Tony R Kuphaldt book “Lessons in Industrial Instrumentation”. A great read.

V=Velocity D=Diameter p=density

While, The “Denominator” consists of one term and that is absolute viscosity.

Hence in conclusion the Reynolds number is ratio of “Inertial forces” to “Viscous force”.

So higher the Reynolds number the more “Inertial forces” dominate.

And for orifice meter one of the requirement is high Reynolds number.

Thus as “Viscous forces” at very high Reynolds are negligible we don’t consider them in the equation.

Thanks for reading.

Hope it’s been of valve to you.

Credits: I stumbled upon this insightful concept in Tony R Kuphaldt book “Lessons in Industrial Instrumentation”. A great read.